Monday, March 16, 2020
Essay on psychotropic drugsEssay Writing Service Essay on psychotropic drugs Essay on psychotropic drugsOne of important healthcare issues in the American society is the tendency to prescribe psychotropic drugs to children who are diagnosed with mental illnesses. This is a complex and ambiguous problem; on one hand, mentally ill children can harm themselves or other people and in such cases medications help to reduce health risks and to improve the quality of life for such kids. On the other hand, the long-term impact of psychotropic drugs on children is not properly researched, and therefore the tendency to prescribe psychotropic medications to children might cause adverse health consequences in future (Barnett, 2010). The key thesis of this paper is the following: over-medicating children is inadmissible, and the regulations for prescribing the medications to children should be toughened; it is also necessary to introduce serious responsibility for not following these regulations.The number of children with serious mental diagnoses is increasing along with the proportion of children who are prescribed psychotropic medications. One aspect of this problem is the growing number of mental diagnoses among children; for example, the rate of children who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder increased during the recent decade (Frontline, 2009). Furthermore, the rate of using antidepressants for children above 6 years more than doubled since 1996 (Park, 2011). The question whether these diagnoses are justified is still left open. Children experience changes of mood and extreme emotional states more frequently than adults, and therefore mental diagnoses in children should be specifically justified.Furthermore, antipsychotic drugs which are efficient for adults might have adverse results for childrens health. There are few long-term research studies exploring the impact of antipsychotic drugs on children. Although the use of such drugs might lead to short-term improvement of mental health of children with psychiatric disorders, the functioning o f their nervous system might be suppressed in the long-term perspective, and the consequences of such suppression are likely to be more severe compared to the short-term adverse consequences of mental illness.One more reason to oppose the use of psychotropic drugs in children is the probability that some parents might want to make their kids more manageable and controllable in a simple way instead of paying more attention to their children and using reasonable parenting practices. According to Park (2011), it is only justifiable to use psychotropic drugs in the situations when the childs behavior is tremendously disruptive and is indeed caused by mental illness. Furthermore, Park (2011) states that there are many ADHD cases (which is on the rise among children) when medication is not required. In all cases when it is possible to avoid using psychotropic drugs in children, it is best to choose other ways of treatment because of potentially disruptive adverse effect on the future heal th of these children.Reinberg (2012) opposes the view that American children are overmedicated and illustrates his claim with the statistics of medication use for ADHD treatment among children. According to Reinberg (2012), only 14% of children with mental illnesses receive medications. Basing on these data, Reinberg argues that American children cannot be viewed as overmedicated because the majority of those children who are diagnosed with mental disorders do not receive medications. However, such statements only illustrate the fact that the majority of children with mental disorders were not prescribed medications yet. However, these statements explain neither more than 6-fold increase of rate of ADHD children on medications during the recent two decades nor the fact that the majority of prescribed medications relate to such disorders as behavior disorders, ADHD, eating disorders, anxiety and substance use disorders (Reinberg, 2012). Furthermore, the majority of children who are o n drugs are not receiving alternative methods of treatment.While the effects of psychotropic drugs on childrens health are not studied and are not backed up by valid research, it is not safe to prescribe medications to children with mental illnesses. Along with the potential deterioration of their health and drug addiction, the issues of over-medication have one more negative consequence: readily available medications reduce the incentives for alternative, safer and milder methods of treatment (such as psychotherapy). In addition, the use of medications might be tempting for parents who fail to provide proper care for their children. Therefore, the regulations pertaining to prescribing psychotropic drugs to children should be made very strict in order to eliminate any possible variants of misuse or excess use and to make sure that the rights and future of children are properly protected.
Friday, February 28, 2020
International Business Management - Essay Example There is a process for it which is termed as New Product development, which means it is the process that helps an organization to develop new products and services. There are two parallel paths involved in the process: One involves the idea generation, product design and detail structures, the second step focuses on market research and market analysis. Price Pricing is a very complicated issue and has far reaching effects on a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s prospects in a market. There are different pricing benchmarks for different markets. So it is not a straight forward task to price a product. Company has to survey the market and analyze what prices other competitors are offering. Cost of Raw Material and Cost of transportation are taken into account for setting the price. If a company sets very low price in relation to their competitors, then there is a threat of being perceived as a bad quality. Willingness to purchase a product is directly related with the price. If the price is affordable, customer would instantly buy the product. Placement Placement of the product assumes wider magnitude when we talk about international marketing. If customers come to buy a product, and it is not available instantly than customers would get interested in competitors. For timely availability of the product, it is very necessary to make use of warehouses and other storing places. It is essential to make placement decisions in line with the productÃ¢â¬â¢s position in the market. Company need to decide whether our product will be perceived as a high end product or a low end product. Promotion Promotion is a multi-component phenomenon, which operates as a interacting channel with other elements of the marketing mix, aiming to achieve the communication process caused between what companies offer goods or services or ideas working to satisfy the needs and desires of consumers from individuals or institutions according to their potential. There are number of international promotional tools such as advertisement, sponsorships, price promotions and etc, but every firm prefers to use push and pull strategy. Pull is the relationship of the goods or pieces of information that moves the product from producer to the customers, while the "push" is to bring the goods to their customers "pool". Sometimes it become difficult to draft a promotional strategy for a brand because of its USP, then brand decisions are taken. Brand decisions are the art of creating and maintaining a brand. Branding makes customers committed to a business and provides them sense of loyalty. Question 1 (b) Company Global Hyatt Corporation is a US based organization that operates the business of hotels and motels. There are two hotel companies with the name of Hyatt Hotels Corporation and Hyatt International from which Global Hyatt Corporation operates all their businesses. Hyatt hotels leases, franchises and operates a number of hotels and resorts. Besides hotels, Global Hyatt Corporation also runs the business of casinos. The servicing mix of Global Hyatt Corporation is extended by three points: the processes, the individuals and the physical evidence. Ã Ã Ã Ã Processes A process is a set of actions which connects all the operations of a business to each other with an aim to achieve a specific result. Usually, Process includes value creating strategies for internal or external customers, segmentation,
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Persuasive apology - Assignment Example I am also a family man with a lovely God-fearing wife and a son and have great respect for them. I have constantly taught my son the value of being polite and honest as well as not letting emotions overcome the situation. I clearly let my emotions for failing the course repeatedly take control against my better judgment. I sincerely pray that you may find it in your heart to forgive my actions and words and not throw me out of the school. The book of First John 1: 9 says that Ã¢â¬Å"If we confess our sinsÃ¢â¬ ¦he will forgive us and purify us from all unrighteousness.Ã¢â¬ My actions have been unrighteous and I seek forgiveness. The good book also says in Mathew 6: 14 Ã¢â¬Å"For if you forgive men when they sin against you, the heavenly father will also forgive you.Ã¢â¬ Your forgiveness to me will mean a lot to not only me but my family and the Lord our father. I assure you and the entire fraternity that I will be an obedient, honest and honorary student from now henceforth if you only find it in your heart to grant me another chance to complete my remaining
Friday, January 31, 2020
European community law - Essay Example In addition, such compensation had to be made to a person, even if the infringement was the outcome of a decision of the court of last instance. However, the court would be liable, only if the violation was sufficiently serious and a direct causal relationship could be established between the infringement and the harm caused to the injured party (Kobler v Austria). Moreover, the highest national courts act as the court of last resort for individuals to rely on the rights provided by EC law. These courts of final instance are also duty bound to request a preliminary ruling, on the basis of the provisions of Article 234(3) EC. The ECJ, after taking these issues into account has ruled in favour of state liability being extended to judicial infringements. The ECJ rejected the argument that the principles of legal certainty and res iudicata would be affected adversely. It stated that proceedings to make a Member State liable would not have an impact on a national courtÃ¢â¬â¢s decision a s res iudicata. This opinion of the ECJ was founded on the contention that Ã¢â¬Å"proceedings seeking to render the State liable do not have the same purpose and do not necessarily involve the same parties as the proceedings resulting in the decision which has acquired the status of res iudicata.Ã¢â¬ (Council of Europe). This line of reasoning of the ECJ was held by some to be specious. Their arguments were based on the premise that the national courts were compelled to reconsider disputed decisions, in order to determine whether such decisions were really infringing EC law (Council of Europe). They were also required to find out the reasoning behind such decisions Individuals can claim against a Member State if it fails to implement a Directive or if its domestic law infringes European Community (EC) Law. In addition, no Member State can enact legislation that attempts to exclude state liability. The misinterpretation of provisions of EC Law will be treated as infringement (Trag hetti del Mediterraneo SpA, in liquidation v Repubblica italiana). Furthermore, the Community law disallows the enactment of legislation that seeks to limit liability to instances of intentional fault and serious misconduct of the courts. Such limitation is in the context of laws that are aimed at circumventing the liability of the Member State in other case, wherein there had been an explicit breach of the relevant law (Traghetti del Mediterraneo SpA, in liquidation v Repubblica italiana). Hence, the competent national courts have to investigate the gravity of the infringement in the decision of a court. Such competent courts have to consider the judicial function of the infringing court and ascertain whether this infringement was obvious. It was also held by the ECJ that conditions, such as the special length-of-service increment under Austrian law, served to hinder the free movement of workers. Any hindrance to the free movement of goods or workers was against the objectives of t he European Union; consequently, the Austrian condition was untenable (Wissink 419). In Brasserie du Pecheur, the ECJ established the concept of state liability. However, there was considerable confusion as to whether such liability was applicable to infringements committed by national courts. The ECJ eliminated this muddled understanding, via its decision in Kobler (Council of Europe). In this case, it ruled that Member States were also liable for breach of EC law by their national judicial authorities. In Kobler, the ECJ clearly established that breach of
Thursday, January 23, 2020
The twelfth century was divided into two phases: Early Middle Ages or Dark Ages and the High Middle Ages. It's during the High Middle Ages when things started to take a turn both mentally and physically. Churches developed more stamina and papal bureaucracy was created. The government was revived. Urbanization increased and most of all a sudden increase was brought in cultural revitalization and courtly love was an important aspect of this awakening. Courtly love is defined as humility, courtesy, adultery and religion of love. This is what I believe Abelards's and Heloise's relationship was based on in Abelard's Historia Calamitatum and his letters to Heloise. Abelard was a well-known figure of the twelfth century that taught dialectic philosophy. Abelard was in his late thirties when he first met Heloise in Paris. And it was her knowledge and gift for writing letters, which was so rare in women at the times that attracted Abelard to her. Heloise was the niece of one of the Cannons. She was about seventeen when she met Abelard; this was not considered a big deal for back then it was pretty common to have big age difference in marriages. Heloise was considered atypical because women were rarely educated at all back then. She was strong willed and she had a pretty good sense of logic and this is what brought them together. Heloise struck a deal with Heloise's uncle to educate her and gained full access to her pleasures. Their relationship encompassed the maximum in personal freedom. "Her studies allowed us to withdraw in private, as love desired and then with our books open before us, more words of our love than of our reading passed between us, and more kissing than teaching. (Radice 67). Later Heloise became pregnant and Abelard could not successfully sidestep the rules of the society because the society of a time just wouldn't accept a premarital sexual affair. I believe Abelard and Heloise got engaged in the first "modern" love affair. Because they enjoyed each other both sexually and intellectually, just as how it's perceived in today's world. Though Heloise's attitude towards marriage and love was quite different from the other women of the twelfth century. She resisted the idea of marriage because she thought it was more of an economical and political idea than real love and that she would rather be called a whore or a mistress instead of a wife.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
The short stories The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Gilman and Girl by Jamaica Kincaid share the common theme of women who are portrayed as frail beings.Ã In both literary selections, women are depicted as dependent on men and other family members, and who must deal with so many restrictions.Their limitations are deliberately foisted on them by their immediate kin or spouse. On the other hand, the women portrayed in the short stories also hurdle challenges they themselves have created or brought upon themselves.In The Yellow Wallpaper, for example, the author presents the protagonist as weak or on the brink of a nervous breakdown. In the beginning of the story, when the protagonist is brought to a country home, she appears in control of her mental faculties.She even opines, Ã¢â¬Å"Personally, I believe that congenial work, with excitement and change, would do me goodÃ¢â¬ (Gilman, 2008, p. 2).Ã Her husband, however, confines her to the upper story of the house and prohibits, albeit in his loving and gentle manner, anything that may tax her mentally. The womanÃ¢â¬â¢s craving for social interaction and stimulus becomes more pronounced as the days pass, yet she allows her husband to direct all her actions.The womanÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ dismal future is reflected in the way she sees the wallpaper in the house where she is confined to recuperate: Ã¢â¬Å"It is a dull yet lurid orange in some places, a sickly sulphur tint in otherÃ¢â¬ (Gilman, 2008, p. 5).The woman then begins to imagine things and becomes neurotic. This emphasizes how, when placed under repressive circumstances, the fairer gender may fall apart. In an ironic twist at the end of the story, though, the husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s fainting spell and the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s movement of creeping over him denotes that women can have the upper hand over her male counterpart if she wills it.The other literary selection, Girl, Jamaica Kincaid, likewise illustrates how women are expected to follow so many rules and confo rm to what tradition and society dictate. Just like in The Yellow Wallpaper where the main character indicates a feeling of tiredness at being manipulated and repressed, Ã the protagonist in Girl who is a young girl receiving countless reminders answers back her mother for berating her every move, but ends up being castigated more.In The Yellow Wallpaper, the husband-wife relation is amiable. In fact, the husband has the best intention for his wife, but the worst harm results from it unknowingly sends her spiraling out of control by confining her. In contrast, Girl uses the mother-daughter tandem to illustrate the common practice adopted by most cultures of ingraining good manners, blind obedience, and prescribed roles to female members of the family.In KincaidÃ¢â¬â¢s Girl, the daughter is admonished by her mother to move and behave in ladylike manner. Her movements Ã¢â¬â from the way she walks and carries herself, to the household chores she is expected to perform, to how to smile to certain people, to reacting to a manÃ¢â¬â¢s bullying and evenÃ loving a man Ã¢â¬â are all dictated to her.Offhand, it is a typical scene of a mother giving numerous pieces of advice to her daughter, but the story presents the parent treating the young girl with a condescending attitude.Ã The mother keeps interjecting that the girl is bound to become the slut she is Ã¢â¬Å"so bent on becomingÃ¢â¬ (Kincaid, 2005, p. 257) if the proper rules of conduct and self-control are not followed.In a sense, the mother portrayed in the story is depicted as the judgmental type who does not allow her daughter free creative expression. Kincaid dwells on the singular theme of just how powerless women were centuries ago.Women back then had no voice of their own and were confined to doing traditional tasks like keeping the home neat and orderly and being prim and proper or acting in a refined manner. Ã In both Girl and The Yellow Wallpaper, the suppressive societal attitude to wards women of a bygone era Ã¢â¬â who are seen as meek and subservient individuals unable to chart their own destinies Ã¢â¬â is clearly presented.Upon closer analysis of two different selections, readers find authors employing a variety of creative techniques that help them dissect different perspectives and gain much clearer understanding of the theme and otherÃ key messages.ReferencesGilman, C. (2008). The yellow wallpaper. Forgotten Books. Retrieved May 3, 2010, from http://www.amazon.com/Yellow-Wallpaper-Forgotten-Books/dp/1606802380.Kincaid, J. (2005). Girl. Ã In Ã X.J. Kennedy & D. Gioia (Eds.), Backpack literature: an introduction to fiction, poetry & drama (p. 257). Pennsylvania: Pearson/Longman. Ã